conclusions made on the basis of unstated or stated evidence are called,

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What is an unstated conclusion? To answer this question, let’s examine an example of a lawyer giving his closing statement. The lawyer says that the defendant was at fault for the crime because he was seen fleeing from the scene where the victim was found. This may seem like a compelling argument, but notice there is no evidence to support this claim other than testimony by eyewitnesses who are not being shown in court. In other words, it’s only stated here as a conclusion on what happened when we don’t know why or how it happened – so it qualifies as an unstated conclusion. The lawyer is making a conclusion on what happened at the scene without stating that it’s his opinion, which makes this an unstated conclusion. If he were to say “I think” or “It looks like,” then we would have more evidence for concluding that it was indeed the defendant who committed the crime. But because there are no phrases such as these included in this argument, we can’t be sure if the lawyer is basing his statement on facts or just assumptions. In other words, an unintentional and implicit implication has been made about what occurred when all you know of is what eye-witnesses reported – but this idea should not be taken for granted as fact unless further evidence comes up to support its credibility.”

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